Sermons

Easter Sunday  2016

All across the country, and the world, families celebrate Easter in a host of different ways, both religious and non-religious.

Easter represents the resurrection of Jesus over 2000 years ago. But how was it decided when Easter falls, especially when it falls on different dates each year. The dates change with the lunar calendar rather than a fixed date in the Julian [1] or Gregorian [2] calendar.

Computus

Computus [3] is the name given to the calculation used to find the calendar date for Easter. This procedure has been used since the Middle Ages, as it was believed to be the most important computation of the time.

The calculation means that Easter will fall on the first Sunday after the first full moon after Spring Equinox. The earliest and latest dates for Easter are 22 March and 25 April.

Sermons

Those who write the sermons for Easter, indeed for any religious ceremony, work long and hard to create inspiring material for their congregations. With religious dates, there is a topic to write about. For everyday sermons, the inspiration may come from local or world events, to engage, to teach, to reinforce, to preach.

Sermons don’t have to stay in the place of worship these days. With wider access to mobile technology, sermons can be shared in an instant through email and social media. For those who were unable to attend the service, an audio recording can be made and uploaded as a podcast. For those who like to revisit the sermon, or read at their leisure, the recordings can be transcribed and made available for e-readers around the world.

Fingertips Typing Services can transcribe sermons.

Written by: Debbie Rowe, Transcriber for Fingertips Typing Services.

Visit Fingertips Typing Services.

Resources

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Julian_calendar
[2] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gregorian_calendar
[3] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Computus

Gillian Anderson interview transcript

I have just finished transcribing a lovely interview on Ms Gillian Anderson.  Her professionalism is clearly evident in the easy relaxed manner in which she conducts the interview.  It’s like she is having a conversation over a cup of tea with an old friend on her very busy life working in film, TV and theatre while still being a Mum.  When asked if it was easy to get back into the role of ‘Scully’ for the newly released movie, the ‘X-Files’, she stated that it’s a very specific role and finds that hair, make-up and wardrobe help her re-identify with the character – don’t we all remember the very definite haircut and those blouses and suits.   The interview focuses mainly on the very popular British TV drama, ‘The Fall’ in which she plays Detective Superintendent Stella Gibson tracking a serial killer.  She describes this role as being one of her favourite personalities to play, saying “I am also confounded by her … she fascinates me in the way that she operates in the world.”   She attributes this to the brilliant writing of Allan Cubitt whose “words breathe life” and provides a script that makes her character so “incredibly compelling” to play.  There is talk of more seasons of ‘The Fall’, so more opportunities for us to enjoy Ms Anderson’s brilliant acting.

gillian-812x522The interview will be published in the Sunday Times.

Transcribed by Cheryl Small for Fingertips Typing Services.

Transcription and Police Interviews

History

It is believed that police cautions were first used in the early 1800s.[1]

By the 1920s, police began to give drivers  written warnings for motoring offences. The Home Office, in 1928, published statistics on cautions. [2]

From 1995 cautions were recorded on the Police National Computer (PNC), and it was recommended that cautions should be retained for 5 years, though each police force could follow its own guidelines. [1]

The Criminal Justice Act 2003 introduced the concept of statutory Conditional Cautions.[1]

In 2008 a Home Office circular made clear suspects must receive a written explanation of the implications before accepting a caution, to meet the informed consent obligation, and provided a new form to be signed by the offender which explained in considerable detail the consequences. [1]

TV/Movie Police Cautions

It’s a serious situation when an individual is being cautioned, as they are most likely getting arrested and charged with a crime.

However, the process is not always dramatic or exciting, so when TV series and movies are made, everything tends to be a bit more over the top

Remember these:

“Book’em, Danno” – Hawaii 5-0

“Get your trousers on – you’re nicked!” – The Sweeney

Do you remember any catchphrases of TV/movie cops? Let us know in the comments section below.

Police Caution in Interview

You do not have to say anything. But it may harm your defence, if you do not mention when questioned something which you later rely on in court. Anything you do say may be given in evidence.

This version of the police caution has been used from the inception of the Police and Criminal Evidence (PACE) Act 1984.

The caution prior to that was “you do not have to say anything unless you wish to do so, but what you say may be given in evidence.”

Around the world, police cautions differ in language but follow the same format.

In the US, it is called Miranda warning, but also known as Miranda rights and is a right to silence. [3]

You have the right to remain silent and refuse to answer questions. Anything you say may be used against you in a court of law. You have the right to consult an attorney before speaking to the police and to have an attorney present during questioning now or in the future. If you cannot afford an attorney, one will be appointed for you before any questioning if you wish. If you decide to answer questions now without an attorney present, you will still have the right to stop answering at any time until you talk to an attorney. Knowing and understanding your rights as I have explained them to you, are you willing to answer my questions without an attorney present?

In Australia, the caution differs slightly from state to state:

New South Wales – You are not obliged to say or do anything unless you wish to do so, but whatever you say or do may be used in evidence. Do you understand?

Queensland – Before I ask you any questions I must tell you that you have the right to remain silent. This means you do not have to say anything, answer any question or make any statement unless you wish to do so. However, if you do say something or make a statement, it may later be used as evidence. Do you understand?

In New Zealand, the caution follows the same lines:

You have the right to remain silent. You do not have to make any statement. Anything you say will be recorded and may be given in evidence in court. You have the right to speak with a lawyer without delay and in private before deciding to answer any questions. Police have a list of lawyers you may speak to for free.

These examples of police cautions were taken from Wikipedia – click here for more examples from around the world.

PACE

In 1984, the Police and Criminal Evidence (PACE) Act came into being, with the purpose of regulating police powers and protecting pubic rights.[4]

Additional codes of practice have been published and updated since 1984 to provide specific guidance around :

  • Code C from May 2014 – Requirements for the detention, treatment and questioning of suspects not related to terrorism in police custody.
  • Code E, first published in January 2016 – Audio recording of interviews with suspects in the police station.

Code C lays out when cautions should be given, the terms of the caution as well as specifics around the cautioning of juveniles and the mentally vulnerable. It also gives guidance on general interviews, those in police stations and interviews of juveniles and the mentally vulnerable.

Code E explains how audio recordings should be conducted at each stage of the interview.

Evidence and Its Uses

Evidence that has been recorded enables the prosecutor to make a decision informed by what was said at interview.

It is also entered as an exhibit to the officer’s statement, and may be used in the same way as physical evidence.

Should the recording be entered and accepted into evidence, it will be used for the conduct of the case, when it has been accepted by the defence.

There is no requirement to prepare a record of the interview if the person who was questioned about and/or charged with an offence nor when the person stays silent or only says ‘no comment’ throughout the interview.

Transcription of Evidence

If the recorded interview is accepted as evidence, it can be played or transcribed.[5] Should there be a need for the interview to be transcribed, there are guidelines that should be followed, outlined in PACE Code E Note 5A. [6]

5A Any written record of an audibly recorded interview should be made in accordance with national guidelines approved by the Secretary of State, and with regard to the advice contained in the Manual of Guidance for the preparation, processing and submission of prosecution files.

Fingertips Typing Services can transcribe your police interviews.

Written by: Debbie Rowe, Transcriber for Fingertips Typing Services.

Visit Fingertips Typing Services.

Resources:

  1. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Police_caution
  2. https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/250902/crimestats.pdf
  3. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Miranda_warning
  4. https://www.gov.uk/guidance/police-and-criminal-evidence-act-1984-pace-codes-of-practice
  5. http://www.cps.gov.uk/legal/s_to_u/tape_recorded_interviews/
  6. https://www.justice.gov.uk/courts/procedure-rules/criminal/docs/crim-practice-directions-V-evidence-2014.pdf

Transcription about Tennis Match Fixing

maxresdefaultTennis Match Fixing

I have just finished a transcript from a radio show talking about match fixing in tennis which was most interesting and informative.  I think most people have heard of match fixing in football and cricket, but not so much in tennis.  It did make me wonder…

"...how you could possibly fix a tennis match?"

Well, this was explained in detail.

The Fix

The fix happens where “gamblers” will rope in one of the players and pay them a certain amount to win a set but eventually lose the match, or alternatively, win/lose the match in a certain number of games.  They then bet on whichever criteria they have come up with and make thousands/millions from it and they pay the player a certain amount of money, with the amount depending upon the criteria that they have worked out previously.

This is mostly carried out with players that are lower ranked, although there are allegations of top 100 ranking players also taking part.

Solution

The TIU (Tennis Integrity Unit) will investigate some of these occurrences of match fixing.  However, it is alleged that they have been known to “ignore” some of the higher ranked players as it would affect the “clean image” of tennis which is probably why most people have never even heard of match fixing in tennis.

It is also alleged that match fixing is prolific both in the men’s and women’s game and is currently ongoing in some of the top tournaments, including Wimbledon.

The full discussion was aired on BBC Radio 4 on 16th March at 8pm.

Written by: Susanna Tinsley, Transcriber for Fingertips Typing Services.

Visit Fingertips Typing Services.

Transcription and Oral Histories

Is there a tradition or a story that has been handed down the generations in your family? It’s not written down anywhere,  just been told, from one person to another. There must be some truth in it somewhere but it’s been added to and embellished, blurred and reimagined through time.

This telling and retelling is as old as language itself. Since Man began to form words, stories are told to the young as warnings, as lessons, as bedtime tales. Before we could write, things were passed on verbally, and still it happens today. Indigenous tribes across the world have historically passed their knowledge and experiences along the familial lines through verbal accounts and rememberings. Continue reading Transcription and Oral Histories