How technology has impacted on the way we communicate

Technology has advanced considerably over the last century, the birth of the internet sped up our advancement and indeed desire for new and improved communication services, but just how much has changed?

Early forms of communication

Early forms of communication mainly centred on the use of imagery rather than words, using these methods to communicate a story or historical event.
These communication methods included:

  • The Petroglyphs – Early man used stone engravings and drawings to communicate with each other, way before even spoken word appeared.
  • The pictograph – Engraved or painted drawings were used to communicate a story or an event and were very popular around 6000 – 5000 BC.
  • The Ideogram – Pictograms evolved into ideograms which were graphical symbols that represented an idea, the Egyptians and Aztecs were particularly fond of these early forms of communication.
  • Smoke Signals – 150BC – Chinese soldiers were able to transmit messages in just a few hours with smoke signals along the Great Wall of China.
  • The First Handwritten Manuscript – 301 – 800AD

Getting more sophisticated

In the early 1400’s communication methods began to get more advanced with the Gutenberg printing press leading the way allowing for communications over long distances and languages.
Followed by:

  • Semaphore Lines – Invented in 1792 in France by Claude Chappe, were the precursor of the electrical telegraph. The Semaphore telegraph was a system of conveying information by the method of visual signs using towers and shutters.
  • Morse Code – In 1837 the Morse code was developed and patented by Samuel Morse
  • Typewriter – 1800’s – The typewriters first publication was the Adventure of Tom Sawyer by Mark Twain. It wasn’t until 19140 that the mechanical typewriter became standardised and indeed electric, gaining widespread popularity and an office essential! By the 1980’s the humble typewriter had made way to personal computers and desktop publishing.
  • The Telegraph – Patented in May 1837 by Sir William Fothergill Cooke and Charles Wheatstone the telegraph was created initially to communicate between train stations. In 1845 the Electric Telegraph company was established, followed by rapid expansion and the era of mass communication. Before  the Telegraph a letter by post from London took 12 days to reach New York and 73 days to reach Sydney, Australia
  • The Telephone – 1848, invented by Alexander Graham Bell and was the first device in history that enabled people to talk directly to each other over long distances. It wasn’t until the 1960’s when telephones evolved digitally.
  • The Radio – The use of the radio picked up during World War I with the development for military communications, but it wasn’t until the 1920’s that commercial mass broadcasting began.

Video Killed the Radio Star

  • The television –Developed in 1927 the television didn’t become common place until after World War II. The colour TV was introduced in the mid 1960’s, from there we have seen the television progress into Smart TV’s with 3D capability.
  • The Internet – Started in 1969 as a US military project and was the foundation for the modern internet, but it wasn’t commercialised until 1990 when English scientist Tim Berners-Lee developed the World Wide Web. The internet has grown phenomenally since the 90’s and is now a tool that business and the general public alike struggle to live without.
  • Search Engines – The first major commercial search engine went live in 1994 and was called Lycos, soon after many search engines appeared including: AltaVista and Yahoo, but it wasn’t until 2000 Google’s search engine rose to prominence. Search engines are one of the most useful communication tools out there.
  • Wikis – Believe it or not the first Wiki was created in 1994 in Portland Oregan. Wikipedia is the most well-known wiki site and contains useful information about pretty much any subject known to man.

Let’s get digital

  • The Pager – Originally developed as a professional tool, allowing business people to keep connected to the office this device quickly became a social tool. A precursor to the modern mobile phone this communication had a brief window of time until eventually the mobile phone took over and replaced it. I still miss getting the lottery results on a Saturday evening!
  • Instant Messaging – Or online chat as it was historically known was developed in 1996 and allowed online users to communicate with each other in chat rooms, online bulletin boards . This has since progressed to applications such as Facebook messenger and Blackberry Messenger which also enable video calling and web conferencing services such as Skype and Facetime.
  • Electronic mail (eMail) – Has been around as we know it since 1993, however the first hosted mail systems were introduced as early as the 1960’s. Email has revolutionised the way we communicate with each other, in fact it is hard to imagine how long things would take to get done if we had to rely on other forms of communication.
  • The mobile phone – Amazingly the first mobile phone was demonstrated by Motorola in 1973, but it wasn’t until 1983 that the first 1G phone went to market with talk time of just 35 minutes and a 10 hour charge life! It is a far cry from where this technology is today.
  • The Smart Phone – Mass adoption of Smart phones took place in 1999. Initially with BlackBerry dominating the market as the go-to communication tool of the 00’s. However this was quickly over taken by Apple who introduced the very first iPhone in 2007. Since then Smart Phone technology has grown rapidly, integrating our work, social and family life together in one singular device.

It is clear to see that technology has hurtled forward, but there are no signs of stopping. The internet of things is revolutionising our working and personal lives and I strongly believe that we will soon tools such as 3D virtual conferencing emerging into the business world.
It is inevitable that communication will get even faster, smarter, easier and more often, but I feel that it will take time for context and understanding to catch-up. How many times have you sent an email, a text message or Facebook message that has been misunderstood by the recipient, I expect the answer is often. This is one area that our communication tools need to get better at and to do so it will require sophisticated systems to learn things like sarcasm and sense of humour.
One thing for sure though, we are living in very exciting and fast paced times and communication will continue to evolve as we do.

Human vs Machine

Who will win in the battle of transcription?

There’s a lot of voice recognition and transcription software in the market, which claims to be the perfect transcription solution out there, but is automated software better than a human?

Find out in our post below:

  1. “I am sorry, I can’t hear you!” – One of the biggest issues with audio transcription is the quality of the audio files. Maybe there was a lot of background noise, a busy office or coffee shop for example or if you have multiple people talking over each other it can be difficult for apps or transcription software to pick out the voices accurately. This can cause inaccuracies in the text. Humans however, have experience of these environments and can contextualise the situation better to decipher what the speaker is saying.  1 Point to Human
  2. To, Too, Two – It is extremely unlikely that any transcription app or software would be able to identify or even understand the difference between “to, too or two” so the likelihood is it would not put the correct homonym into the text.  1 Point to Human
  3. Accents – This can be another stumbling block for apps or transcription software. Different dialects, or the use of slang can confuse the machine, where as we have a broader understanding of such things and are continually learning and adapting. 1 Point to Human

And the winner is HUMAN!

Without a doubt human transcription services are miles ahead of apps and software, because these new services do not learn or adapt. Humans are continually learning and gaining new understanding enabling us to contextualise, pick out and decipher language to ensure that what we are writing is indeed correct.

Transcription and Confidentiality

Definition of confidentiality

What is confidential data?

Any data that contains personal, sensitive or confidential information. This data might include, but not limited to:

  • Medical record, be that doctor, dentist, hospital, optometrist, any healthcare provider
  • Police records
  • School/education records
  • Government held information, such as driving licence or passport
  • Information held by social services
  • Legal proceedings or information held by a lawyer
  • Property dealings, including lettings or sales
  • Personnel/HR data, including contracts, grievances or disciplinaries


8 Principles of the Data Protection Act

The Data Protection Act 1998 (DPA) is an Act of Parliament of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland which defines UK law on the processing of data on identifiable living people. It is the main piece of legislation that governs the protection of personal data in the UK. The Data Protection Act (DPA) is designed to protect personal data stored on electronically.

It requires that organisations must ensure the protection of personal information, that might include name, address, date of birth, bank details. There is stronger legal protection for more sensitive information, such as:

  • ethnic background
  • political opinions
  • religious beliefs
  • health
  • sexual health
  • criminal records

Any organisation with access to personal data has a legal responsibility to adhere to DPA.

The individual whose personal data is being held is known as the data subject.

The individual who is identified as being responsible for the security of the personal data is known as the data controller.

The Information Commissioners Office (ICO) is responsible of overseeing and ensuring the DPA is followed.

Fingertips typing Services Limited Ltd is registered under the Data Protection Act acts in accordance with all the regulations set out by the ICO.

Ensuring confidentiality

Files are uploaded onto our web folders server.

Clients have a dedicated folder for their company. They can log in using a user name  and password provided by Fingertips. The client uploads their file into their Dictations To Do folder. There can be sub-folders in this folder, depending on urgency e.g. 4 hour, same day, overnight etc.

The system notifies the director that a new file is ready. Only the director and administrator has access to all folders. The manager will then transfer the file into the file that is specifically for typists. Typists only have access to that specific folder.

Once the transcription is complete, the manager will move it from the Typists folder to the client’s Transcriptions Done folder. The client can easily check the progress or completion of their files.

Clients can also send their files by YouSendIt (now called Hightail) and SendThisFile securely.

There is a strict non-disclosure policy provided by Fingertips Typing, which is adhered to by the typists.

Choosing Fingertips Typing

Fingertips has been established for over a decade, since director, Cathy Bennett, started the business. Our reputation is built on quality and trust – our transcribers are highly trained typists with experience in many different industries.

We’ve prepared this Privacy Statement to make specific reassurances that your information is kept confidential. This document will run through the different kinds of information collected and stored by Fingertips and explain what we will use it for.

Privacy Statement

Your personal details

To register for an account with Fingertips, you are required to supply your company name, your name, address, telephone number, email address and web address if applicable. This information will be used for invoicing purposes, as well as being added to the Fingertips customer database. The telephone number is used to contact the client in the event of unpaid invoices and any other work related reason that may occur.

Fingertips will not pass your personal details on to any third party.

Who can access my information?

The sub-contractors of Fingertips do not have access to the database and therefore to your information. Only the Director of Fingertips has access to the database, and the administrator who updates the database.

Visit our website for more information.

Written by Debbie Rowe, Transcriber for Fingertips Typing


Transcription and Typing

First Typewriter

first typewriter

The first typewriter recognised as being “commercially successful” is one invented in 1868 by Christopher Latham Sholes, Carlos Glidden and Samuel W. Soule in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. [1]

The patent was sold for $12,000 to a company called Densmore and Yost, who tried to manufacture the machine. The company made an agreement with E. Remington and Sons to produce the machine.  In 1874,  the Sholes and Glidden Type-Writer went on sale. It had a QWERTY keyboard, and was a blind writer, as the keys struck upwards. It meant that the typist couldn’t see the characters as they were being typed. [2]

Learning to Type

Children these days learn the keyboard very quickly without ever having a typing lesson. Because they navigate the keyboard using one hand or just two fingers, does that make it wrong because they are not using the tried and tested methods?

Learning to type, in the traditional way, is about learning which fingers type which letters, lots of repetition, and then the development of typing by touch or touch typing, by muscle memory. It was believed that this was the most efficient way of typing. Once the individual has mastered touch typing, the development of speed is crucial.

Children today can learn to type by games that teach them whilst having fun. It becomes second nature very quickly as they are using mobile devices with keyboards from a very young age.

Typing speeds used to be the benchmark, along with accuracy, for administrative jobs. The job adverts used to state how many words per minute the individual needed to be able to type in order to be considered for the job. A typing test, at interview, was standard to check speed. Check your typing speed here.

Image courtesy of


Here are some best practice pointers for safe and efficient typing. You can view the web page here for full details.

Posture – sit straight, elbows at right angles, face the screen with head tilted slightly forward

Home keys – ensure you always return your fingers to the home keys between typing bouts

Take a break – ensure you take regular breaks, to rest your eyes and your hands, wrists and shoulders


Evolution of the Typewriter

Since the invention of the typewriter, the keyboard, as it has become known, has evolved hugely.

Click on the Timeline to learn more

The concept of the modern keyboard has also changed, with the invention of mobile technology.

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Typing Then and Now

When I learned to type, it was on the old fashioned manual keyboards, in a cold hut, whilst at sixth form college. Having mastered the basics, I then progressed to an electronic word processor that took on another learning journey. The keyboard was more reactive and faster, the keys required less pressure and what had been manual calculations before for tabs or centering were now a more automated process.

USB typwriter
USB Typewriter?

Typewriters and word processors gave way to computers, with small screens, small memory capacity and large keyboards. As technology progressed, screens got larger and so did the memory, and keyboards became more streamlined.

Eventually, the computers got smaller in physical size, massive in capacity and screen and keyboard condensed into one device. Typing can still be done manually on touchscreen with fingers or a stylus. But you can now dictate to your device and it is clever enough to recognise what it is you want to say.
The documentation produced has also changed. Letters used to be the only

Stephen Hawking

way to communicate, and these were typewritten or handwritten. Emails became another way to stay in touch, followed by text messaging.

Social media followed, allowing words to reach their recipient in a flash.

Technology exists to allow a user with a disability to type by having their eye movements tracked on a keyboard… Stephen Hawking.

The future is here – you can now buy a virtual keyboard, which a small bluetooth device projects on to a flat surface, offering the user a full keyboard experience. [3]

Virtual Keyboard.jpg
Virtual Keyboard

Whatever next?

Transcription and Typing

Whatever you  need typing, Fingertips Typing Services can help. We have years of experience of typing and transcribing a variety of projects, for example, but not limited to:

  • Interviews/focus groups/seminar/conferences
  • Medical reports
  • Property/lettings/estate agents reports
  • Legal/insurance reports
  • Education/dissertation/theses

Visit the Fingertips Typing website to see how we can help you work effectively, by providing a friendly, professional and personal service.

Written by: Debbie Rowe, typist for Fingertips Typing Services






Here in the UK, for some parts of the country, there is a vote to be cast on Thursday 5th May.

Voters in 41 police force areas in England & Wales, excluding London, will elect a Police and Crime Commissioner. [1] Turn out in the last PCC elections – in November 2012- was poor, at an average of 15.1%.

To find out more about the elections happening across the UK, visit the following links: [2] Continue reading Voting

May… we help?

Bank Holiday Monday – UK

This weekend sees the May Bank Holiday in the UK, a three day weekend, where historically banks and businesses would close.


It’s a running joke in the UK that, on the day that we have a day off work due to the bank

Weather Forecast May Bank Holiday
Courtesy of

holiday, it rains.

The forecast, for the South East, at least, on Monday 2nd May, says cloudy, but not necessarily any rain.



The May Day holiday is the fourth of eight bank holidays in the UK.

British bank holidays are public holidays and have been recognised since 1871. [1]

The name Bank Holiday comes from the time when banks were shut and so no trading could take place. [1]

The first of May was the bank holiday, however, in modern times, it has moved to the first Monday in May, for convenience for schools and businesses, creating a long weekend.


There are many traditions that surround the 1st of May, predominantly to do with the warmer weather and the onset of summer, after a long winter. The earliest celebration can be traced back 2000 years, where  Floralia, festival of Flora, the Roman goddess of flowers, was celebrated. [2]

Much of the May Day celebrations derive from the pagan Anglo-Saxon customs held during “Þrimilci-mōnaþ” as well as old Celtic traditions.

“The Old English name for the month of May means Month of Three Milkings.”

May Pole

In the past, people would cut down young trees and put them in the ground on the village green, tie ribbons to the top, and dance around to mark the arrival of the warm weather.

The dancers would weave in and out of each other, in opposite directions, effectively causing a plait-like effect with the ribbons. Maypoles were popular all over the country, and school children would practice for weeks before May Day to ensure they were able to remember the dance on the day.

May Queen

May Queens were, and still are,  human representations of the Roman goddess, Flora. A May Queen might be chosen from a group of young women, aged 13 and above, who had either performed a dance or similar, and would lead the procession.

Another tradition associated with the idea of choosing a May Queen, is the May Lifiting. On the first of May, in the old days, the young men of the village would choose the prettiest girl in the village and carry her around on their shoulders. On the second of May, the girl would choose a boy.

Morris Dancing

Morris dancing may have originated from several different places. The name Morris may be traced, possibly, back to a form of dancing that arrived in England with the arrival of the Moors from North Africa. Alternatively, the name of the dance may be so called because the dancers looked  Moor-ish, with their darker complexions. The dancers sometimes painted their faces black. [1]

Across England, the Morris dancers can be identified by their clothes. They are often dressed in white with coloured baldrics (coloured belts) across their chests. [1]

The formation of the Morris dance consists of either six or eight men, in two lines facing each other or in a circle. Part of their costume is white hankies or sticks, that they wave or shake. Some Morris dancers have bells tied to their knees to add to the music and their calls. [1]

1st May round the World


Around the world, the 1st of May is widely associated with commemorating the advancing of labour movements. It is known as Labour Day or International Worker’s Day.

In the US, in 1884, the American Federation of Organized Trades and Labor Unions demanded an eight-hour workday, to come in effect as of 1 May 1886. This resulted in the general strike and the Haymarket Riot of 1886, but eventually also in the official sanction of the eight-hour workday. [3] Labour Day, despite the auspicious date, is actually celebrated on the first Monday of September.

Canada, Australia, New Zealand and the Netherlands also celebrate Labour Day on different dates; though that has to do with how the holiday originated in those countries. [3]

May we help?

Fingertips Typing Services can help with your labours, even if you have to work on any of the UK bank holidays. Visit us to find out more.


Written by: Debbie Rowe – Typist for Fingertips Typing







Transcription and Subtitles


There are lots of reasons why a television programme or film that you are watching has subtitles.

It might be a World film or foreign language film that has been translated and subtitled. It might be a mainstream programme that is subtitled for the hearing impaired and even a specialist programme, where participants speak in heavily accented or dialectal English.

YouTube, the world’s most popular video-sharing website where almost 5 billion videos are watched on YouTube every single day [1], offers an auto-captioning service. The captions are created by generated by machine-learning algorithms, and so the accuracy and the quality of the captions vary. [2]

“Automatic captions are available in English, Dutch, French, German, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Portuguese, Russian and Spanish.”

Subtitle Fail

There are obviously going to be times when subtitles fail, due to human error or lack of sophisticated algorithms.

Human error – whether that be spelling, unfamiliarity with the subject, mishearing or lack of concentration – can lead to a subtitle fail. This is especially amusing when subtitles are used to capture a sound, an action or an emotion, where dialogue is not involved. [3]

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Other fails happen where the subtitles don’t match what is happening on the screen. This occurs when the typist is not checking that the subtitles matches the action.

Famous characters or franchises can suffer at the hands of subtitling when then typist is unfamiliar with the person, character, plot, subject or series.

sergei lavrov
Talking about Sergei Lavrov, Minister of Foreign Affairs for Russia [5]
Harry Potter’s owl, Hedwig [4]
Benedict Cumberbatch, also known as Sherlock Holmes [6]
 Here is a selection of screen shots from movie subtitle fails.

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 Sensible Subtitles

Fingertips Typing Services uses a workforce of experienced and accurate typists to offer a subtitling service for a wide variety of media:

We have worked on subtitling projects for a variety of media and production companies, who commission television shows, films and projects.


Visit Fingertips Typing Services today to see how we help you subtitle your media project.

Written by: Debbie Rowe, Typist for Fingertips Typing















Transcription and Awareness of Individual’s Needs

Awareness of Other’s Needs

Last week, 4th to 8th April, was World Autism Awareness Week in the UK. [1] Next week, from 18th to 24th April, is Parkinson’s Awareness Week. [2] 25th April to 1st  May is Multiple Sclerosis Awareness Week. [3]

With social media continuing to grow in importance, more and more of us are becoming aware of things that we may have known little or nothing about previously. With traditional radio, television and print advertising being very strongly challenged by online advertising, there seems to be no reason not to be aware, thanks to sites like [3]


As the image [4] above states, the definition of awareness spans a wide spectrum and can cover the knowledge or perception of a situation or fact all the way through to concern about and well-informed interest in a particular situation or development.

There are many different needs that individual’s have, here is a spotlight on just three of those.

Family Life with Autism

Courtesy of Sparkle, Sheffield

Extreme Juggler, mother of three, spoke to  me about the reality of family life as a full-time teacher, wife and Autism Mum. Her youngest son was diagnosed with “classic autism” in April 2012.  He is currently described as  “non-verbal”. In August of the same year, her eldest was diagnosed with Asperger’s Syndrome, a high-functioning form of the autistic spectrum condition, and in October 2013, it was suggested that her middle son could also be “somewhere on the spectrum.”  Aren’t we all?

Classing herself as perpetual worrier and a frequent warrior – as so often parents of children waiting to be diagnosed or waiting for referral for services are – Extreme Juggler says,

“Managing a career would be a total nightmare if it wasn’t for my husband and my parents.”

“I have no promotion prospects anymore and struggle to keep on top of work. My peers are all deputy heads and headteachers these days. That will never happen for me now and I have to force myself to remember that quality of life is more important than ambition and money. I still have to pay a mortgage but would give work up tomorrow if I could.”

“I resent not having enough time for my boys when other people’s kids get the best of me.”

Extreme Juggler continues, “The main thing about autism is that each person on the spectrum is different from the next, so even in my household I have the academic, the struggling dyslexic and the frustrated non-verbal child. After diagnosis help is often disjointed and needs a bolshy keyboard warrior to fight for access to services! My husband and I go to a parent support group together once a month. That is our social life. We have met loads of parents just like us. If we want to go out, we go out separately. I see a school friend once every 6-12 weeks for dinner and drink. Lots of it!”

Spotlight on Parkinson’s

Courtesy of The Michael J. Fox Foundation

One person in every 500 has Parkinson’s. That’s about 127,000 people in the UK. Symptoms and how quickly they progress are different for everyone. Drugs and treatments are available to manage many of the symptoms. [2]

Parkinson’s is a progressive neurological condition.People with Parkinson’s don’t have enough of a chemical called dopamine because some nerve cells in their brain have died. [2]

There’s currently no cure for Parkinson’s and we don’t yet know why people get the condition.

Without dopamine people can find that their movements become slower so it takes longer to do things. The loss of nerve cells in the brain causes the symptoms of Parkinson’s to appear.

The symptoms most often associated with Parkinson’s are related to motor movements. There are also other symptoms such as pain and depression, which are non-motor symptoms. Main symptoms are tremor, slowness of movement and rigidity. Other physical symptoms include falls and dizziness, eye problems, bladder and bowel problems. There are also mental health symptoms such as anxiety, dementia and memory problems. [2]

The actor, Michael J. Fox was diagnosed with Parkinson’s in 1992, when he was just 29 years old. [9] He created the Michael J. Fox Foundation to help advance every promising research path to curing Parkinson’s disease, including embryonic stem cell studies. [9]

Living and Working with MS

Courtesy of Almirall and

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a neurological condition which affects around 100,000 people in the UK, about one in every 600. Most people are diagnosed between the ages of 20-40, but it can affect younger and older people too. Roughly three times as many women have MS as men. [11] It is the most common condition of the central nervous system affecting young adults.[10]

MS is a lifelong condition. It is not fatal and most people with MS live about as long as everyone else. It is not infectious or contagious so it can’t be passed on to other people like chicken pox or athlete’s foot.

MS is complex, and has many symptoms. Most people won’t experience them all, certainly not at the same time. Symptoms might include fatigue, vision problems and difficulties with walking, but MS is different for everyone. [10]

An individual with MS is under no legal obligation to tell their employer about their MS, unless:

  • they work in the armed forces
  • their MS may affect health and safety in the workplace
  • they drive for a job [11]

An employer, when told about their employee having MS, should ask if they consider themselves to have a disability under the Equality Act and Disability Discrimination Act. Regardless of whether an individual considers themselves disabled, they should answer yes.

If an individual with MS needs support at work, the employer can provide time off for appointments or make reasonable adjustments, such as:

  • more breaks
  • somewhere to rest for short periods during the working day
  • a chair or stool to sit on
  • flexible or reduced working hours
  • working from home [11]

Talking to the employer means that support can be provided as necessary.

Transcription and Awareness of Individual’s Needs

You may be an employer with an employee who has Parkinson’s or MS. You may be a parent with a school-age children on the autistic spectrum and a career to juggle. You may be a student, a writer, a business person, or an entrepreneur with individual needs, who might benefit with the support of a transcription service provider.

Contact Fingertips Typing Services for information on how we can  help, from typing up notes to transcribing dictation or audio recordings.






Transcription and the Race to the Finish

Grand National

The Grand National horse race is happening this Saturday at Aintree Racecourse. [1]

A National Hunt race, the Grand National is held on an annual basis at the racecourse in Liverpool, England, and was first run in 1839. This year, 40 horses are due to race over the 4 miles and 3 1/2 furlong course, with 30 jumps. Often a contentious race, the most famous jumps include Becher’s Brook, The Chair and Canal Turn.

  • This will be the 169th edition of the race
  • Britain will bet £500m on race day
  • 600m worldwide TV viewers
  • £1 million prize money on offer
  • 150,000  spectators who visit Aintree over the three-day Festival
  • Just five horses have won at odds of 100/1 – Mon Mome (2009), Foinavon (1967), Caughoo (1947), Gregalach (1929) and Tipperary Tim (1928) [2]

Boat Race


On Easter Sunday, the annual Boat Race took place along four-and-a-quarter mile course, on the Thames, from Putney to Mortlake. [3] The race between the men’s rowing crews of Oxford and Cambridge have raced one another for bragging rights since 1829. It then became an annual contest in 1845.

All the rowers and coxes must be full-time students at the two universities, as well as serious athletes.  Although the rowers must be male or female for their respective Boat Races, the coxes can be either gender. [3] The men’s race doesn’t last very long; the record, set by Cambridge in 1998, is 16min 19sec. [4]

F1 Motor Racing


Formula One cars are the fastest road course racing cars in the world, owing to very high cornering speeds achieved through the generation of large amounts of aerodynamic downforce. Formula One cars race at speeds of up to 360 km/h (220 mph). [5]

The Formula One series originated with the European Grand Prix Motor Racing of the Twenties and Thirties. The formula is a set of rules which all participants’ cars must meet. Formula One was a new formula agreed upon after World War II during 1946, with the first non-championship races being held that year.

Currently, Formula One has 11 teams, each with two cars that can qualify for each race. Each team has two drivers under contract, and at least one test/reserve/third driver, sometimes two. There are 21 races from March to November. Because the drivers are paid by their team, there is no direct prize money to the winning driver, but the F1 Driver Champion and F1 Constructor’s Champion titles are extremely prestigious, none the less.

Your Race to the Finish


Everyone has their own race to the finish, their own deadlines. In our day to day lives, both business and personal, we are often short on time and shifting priorities make it difficult to get everything done that we need to.

If you find yourself with too much to do and too little time, then Fingertips Typing can help. Visit Fingertips Typing Services.

Written by: Debbie Rowe, Transcriber for Fingertips Typing Services.


Main picture credit:Ted Azriel



Easter Sunday  2016

All across the country, and the world, families celebrate Easter in a host of different ways, both religious and non-religious.

Easter represents the resurrection of Jesus over 2000 years ago. But how was it decided when Easter falls, especially when it falls on different dates each year. The dates change with the lunar calendar rather than a fixed date in the Julian [1] or Gregorian [2] calendar.


Computus [3] is the name given to the calculation used to find the calendar date for Easter. This procedure has been used since the Middle Ages, as it was believed to be the most important computation of the time.

The calculation means that Easter will fall on the first Sunday after the first full moon after Spring Equinox. The earliest and latest dates for Easter are 22 March and 25 April.


Those who write the sermons for Easter, indeed for any religious ceremony, work long and hard to create inspiring material for their congregations. With religious dates, there is a topic to write about. For everyday sermons, the inspiration may come from local or world events, to engage, to teach, to reinforce, to preach.

Sermons don’t have to stay in the place of worship these days. With wider access to mobile technology, sermons can be shared in an instant through email and social media. For those who were unable to attend the service, an audio recording can be made and uploaded as a podcast. For those who like to revisit the sermon, or read at their leisure, the recordings can be transcribed and made available for e-readers around the world.

Fingertips Typing Services can transcribe sermons.

Written by: Debbie Rowe, Transcriber for Fingertips Typing Services.

Visit Fingertips Typing Services.